Types of FOG I) Type l/ Clinometers: This is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals). I) Type II/ Excision: This is the partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minors, with or without the excision of the labia major (the labia are “the lips” that surround the vagina). Iii) Type Ill/ Infatuation: The procedure consists of narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal.
The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris. Iv) Type IV: This type consists of all the other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e. G. Pricking, racing, incising, scraping and accoutering the genital area. II. A. Why is it practiced? Cultural, religious and social causes I) Control over women’s sexuality- Virginity is a pre-requirement for marriage and is equated to female honor in a lot of communities.
Infatuation in particular I defended in this context as it is assumed to reduce a woman’s sexual desire and lessen temptations to have extramarital sex thereby preserving a girl’s virginity. Ii) Cultural identity- FOG defines who belongs to the community in certain communities where mutilation is carried out as part f the initiation into adulthood. In such communities, a girl cannot be considered an adult in a FOG-practicing society unless she has undergone FOG. Iii) Hygiene- There is a belief that female genitalia are unsightly and dirty.
In some FOG-practicing societies, mutilated women are regarded as unclean and are not allowed to handle food and water. Iv) Gender based factors- FOG is Often deemed necessary in order for a girl to be considered a complete woman, and the practice marks the divergence of the sexes in terms of their future roles in life and marriage. If mutilation is part of an initiation rite, then it is accompanied by explicit teaching about the women’s role in her society. Ill. A.
The practice of FOG violates; I) Right to physical and mental integrity ii) Right to highest attainable standard of health and education iii) Right to be free from all forms of discrimination against women(including violence against women) iv) Right to freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment v) Right of the child, and in extreme cases, right to life CONCLUSION Female genital mutilation includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non medical reasons.
The procedure has no health benefits for girls or women. Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk in newborn deaths. FOG is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 1 5 who are still in the process of establishing their future which might be cut and they end up being married off. FOG is a harmful practice that is recognized worldwide as a violation of the human rights of girls and women.
Copyright 2018 - Coaching WordPress Theme.