Tonight I want to discuss with you the history of Japan starting with pearl Harbor, the devastating atomic bomb that destroyed their country and the Tsunami that tried to take the country yet again. 4. With that being said lets begin with what like to call a history lesson Of Japan. Body I. On December 7, 1941, Japanese military forces attacked the United States naval fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor on the Hawaiian island of AAU. The surprise attack nearly devastated the American Pacific fleet.
Three cruisers, three destroyers, and eight battleships along “Battleship Row” were severely damaged, and two battleships, the Oklahoma and the Arizona, were sunk. Additionally, nearly 350 American warplanes on AAU were destroyed, virtually all that were on the ground. Over 2,400 U. S. Servicemen lost their lives, and nearly 1,200 were wounded. The success of the daring attack severely impaired America’s ability to check the expansion of the Japanese empire in the Pacific during the first years of WI. Events came to a boil in September, 1 941.
United States Secretary of State Cornell Hull demanded that Japan withdraw its troops from China and Southeast Asia. While many Japanese military leaders quailed at the prospect of going to war with the united States, Togo convinced them that acceding to American demands would be a humiliating diplomatic defeat While carrying on protracted-?and exceptive negotiations with the United States, Japan invaded Thailand, Malay, Burma, and the East Indies. And on November 26, the Japanese navy set sail for Pearl Harbor, where most of the U. S.
Pacific fleet was docked Traveling under strict radio silence and screened from view by a large weather front, the Japanese battle fleet-?six aircraft carriers, two battleships, two cruisers, and nine destroyers-?remained undetected until it came within two hundred miles of the Hawaiian Islands. On the morning of December 7, 183 torpedo bombers and dive-bombers took off from the aircraft carriers. The Japanese pilots knew exactly where they were going because spies on the islands had given them elaborate and detailed scale models of the base, including Battleship Row.
Because it was Sunday morning, most Of the U. S. Naval personnel were ashore, and most of the antiaircraft defenses were unmanned. At 7:49 AM local time, the attack began-?and by 2, much of the fleet had been damaged or sunk. A second wave of bombers arrived at nine o’clock to finish what the first wave had started. In a little more than an hour, the United States fleet was severely crippled. Two days later, on December 9, the United States declared war on Japan. II. The atomic Bomb and what it did to Japan On August 6, 1 945, the United States used a massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan.
This atomic bomb, the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians. While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation three days later, the United States struck again, this time, on Nagasaki. At 2:45 a. M. On Monday, August 6, 1945, a 8-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, took off from Titian, a North Pacific island in the Marinas, 1 ,500 miles south of Japan. Dropped from an altitude of about 32,000 feet, Little Boy detonated approximately half a mile above the ground, with a blinding flash accompanied by a deafening boom. The explosion had the force of 20,000 tons Of dynamite.
Within minutes, a mushroom-shaped column Of smoke and debris rose nine miles into the sky. Nearly everything within a five- mile radius of ground zero was destroyed; people were burned beyond recognition or outright vaporized. Two-thirds of the buildings and other structures within a ten-mile radius were demolished. Photographs of the affected area reveal a nearly flat landscape, with former edifices reduced to mere splinters. The military planners had misjudged somewhat, however, as cost of the munitions factories in Hiroshima were located a fair distance from the center of the blast, and were spared.
Tragically, one-third of the victims were school children. Casualty figures varied, but between 60,000 to 70,000 Japanese were killed and an equal number injured. Survivors suffered horrific burns, and others succumbed to radiation sickness in the weeks following. Incredibly, Japanese authorities remained unconvinced that they should surrender. The effects on the land were devastating. The bomb literally destroyed everything in its path. Almost no one within 800 meters of the bomb’s blast arrived (Powell 2005). Shockingly, just the shells of two buildings were left standing in the immediate vicinity of the explosion site.
The decimated land was such a horrifying site, that the US. Occupation authorities, fearing retaliation from the Japanese even after formal surrender, seized all photographs of the destruction. It is beyond most people’s comprehension what it must have been like for the survivors. Http://Lyn. Hubcap’s. Com/hub/Hiroshima_Bombing_Affects II. At 2:pm, a 9. 0 magnitude earthquake takes place 231 miles northeast of Tokyo, Japan, at a depth Of 15. 2 miles. The earthquake causes a tsunami tit 30 Ft waves that damage several nuclear reactors in the area.
It is the fourth largest earthquake on record (since 1900) and the largest to hit Japan. The 2011 Took earthquake struck offshore of Japan, along a subjection zone where two of Earth’s tectonic plates collide. In a subjection zone, one plate slides beneath another into the mantle, the hotter layer beneath the crust. The great plates stick and slip, causing earthquakes. East of Japan, the Pacific plate dives beneath the overriding Eurasian plate. The temblor completely released centuries of built up stress between the two tectonic lattes, a recent study found. More than 18,000 people were killed in the disaster.
Most died by drowning. Less than an hour after the earthquake, the first of many tsunami waves hit Japan’s coastline. The tsunami waves reached run-up heights (how far the wave surges inland above sea level) of up to 128 feet (39 meters) at Mikado city and traveled inland as far as 6 miles (10 km) in Sender. The tsunami flooded an estimated area of approximately 217 square miles (561 square kilometers) in Japan. The waves overstepped and destroyed protective tsunami seawalls at several locations. The massive surge destroyed three-story buildings where people had gathered for safety.
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