Throughout world history judges have had an affect on what the future or outcome of the world should be. Back then in history it wasn’t so hard to become a judge but in today’s society you must go through many procedures to become a certified judge. Once you become a judge many duties and task are in hand. Judges preside over local, state and federal courts and are either appointed or elected. Federal judges are appointed for life, while the others serve for fixed, renewable terms. First become an attorney by obtaining a degree of Juris Doctor (J. D. ).
You must then pass your state’s bar examination and gain experience practicing law. Then decide if you would really make a good judge. Ask judges and other legal professionals you know for their honest opinions. Then apply for a judgeship when there is an opening in a court of your preference. The procedure for this will vary, depending on the type of court and where you live. To begin the process, when a vacancy occurs, judges must submit their resumes for review. The panel first addressed disqualifying factors for judgeships.
A criminal record, D. U. I. or a mortgage foreclosure could doom an application for a judgeship. The panel also recommended that judicial applicants get a copy of their credit report and fix any problems prior to submitting their application. Applicants are asked to list twenty attorneys they have worked with as opposing counsel, as well as to provide references. In this case, it is important to contact people the applicant knows well, as opposed to people who might be more prestigious, but who will not give the applicant a good reference.
It is not appropriate for the applicant to contact members of the Committee or the Governor directly, it is however, appropriate for others to contact members of the Judicial Nominating Committee for the purposes of endorsing the applicant. It is important, when contacting members of the Committee, to provide them with specific criteria showing why the applicant would be a good judge. The first meeting of the Judicial Nominating Committee, there is usually a public comment period. This is the time when people from the community or organizations can address the Judicial Nominating Committee.
Since judges are appointed for a certain period of time, anywhere from one year to a lifetime appointment, it is important that the selected judge be highly qualified and honest. Selecting the wrong judge means that for a possibly long period of time that judge may make poor rulings that adversely impact the administration of justice. Another way to place judges on the bench is by election. Judges could be elected either from the general population or by elections among lawyers or among the judiciary.
The advantage of elections is that the people have a direct say in the process. The disadvantage is that the judges might allow political considerations to effect their decisions, particularly if they are up for re-election in the near future. Judicial qualifications are probably the easiest and least controversial part of the process for placing judges into the judiciary ranks. The method of appointment or the use of elections in choosing judges, each has their own advantages and disadvantages.
Once put on the bench of judges many tasks are to come along. In a trial by jury, the judge’s job is to referee the trial and provide neutral legal advice to the jury, beginning with a full and truthful explanation of a juror’s rights and responsibilities. But judges rarely fully inform jurors of their rights, especially their power to judge the law itself and to vote on the verdict. In every case, the judge must be impartial. That means the judge must be able to be fair to everyone involved in the case.
If the judge thinks there is any reason for the parties to question whether the judge can be fair, the judge must tell the parties about this reason. If there is any reason that the judge might not be able to be impartial, such as the judge is a friend of one of the parties, the judge must withdraw from the case. In a criminal case an arraignment is scheduled at which time the charges that have been filed are explained to the defendant. The defendant may admit to the charges and plead guilty, or the defendant may ask for a trial.
There might be a settlement of the case with a plea agreement, also called a plea bargain, in which the prosecutor recommends that the judge impose a sentence that is less than the maximum possible sentence in exchange for the defendant’s plea of guilty to the charges. Or the defendant might agree to plead guilty to a less serious charge. If the case is not settled, it will be set for trial. In a civil case the judge will usually meet with the lawyers to see if the case can be resolved or settled without having a trial. In a civil case, the settlement usually involves the payment of money in exchange for voluntary dismissal of the lawsuit.
If the civil case cannot be settled between the parties, it will be set for trial. If the trial is held, the judge is responsible for Setting the hours of the trial, Keeping orde in the courtroom, Presiding over the selection of jurors, Permitting the presentation of evidence through testimony of witnesses or the introduction of exhibits, Deciding on what evidence can be considered by the jurors in making their decision, Explaining the law that applies to the case to the jurors so they can deliberate, and, Sentencing the defendant if the defendant is found guilty in a criminal case.
As you can see the process of becoming a judge is no easy or short task. Becoming a judge takes dedication and hard work. Once a person becomes a judge It still takes those elements to stay in that position because, once you’re a judge many things are expected out of you.
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