Human rights refer to the basic rights and freedom to which all humans are entitled. More than half of the world’s population lacks these fundamental basic rights . Majority of these abused victims reside in third-world nations. This is where the link between third world countries and the Northern Native Reserves is shown. Individuals from both residences obtain little to no basic human rights and are forced to spend their lives with no voice. The four most vital human rights are the right to education, the right to healthcare, the right of life and the right to social security.
These basic human rights are constantly challenged in the three most popular third world nations. Elf you guessed Africa, India and the Middle East,you are correct. In India alone, more than 40 percent of the population living in conditions below the poverty line is deprived of getting an education( Knap, 2012). Due to the fact that more than 40 percent of the population does not get educated, this translates into that the right to education is abused for more than 40 percent of the Indian population. India isn’t the only third-world country snatching away individual’s sights, Africa is very much on the bandwagon as well.
In Africa ,the most abused human right is the right to healthcare. Sub-Sahara Africa accounts for 11 percent of the world’s population, yet bears 24% of the global disease burden (Johannesburg, 2012) . With such a great risk of citizens being infected, there is a lack of hospitals and doctors to accommodate the individuals. This takes away from the basic human right to healthcare from the citizens. It is evident that violation of the fundamental rights is common in third-world countries. This is understandable as they don’t obtain the squired economic status to provide the citizens with rights without going bankrupt.
However, the Northern Native Reserves are not located in a third world nation, rather a first world country like Canada. The right to education, the right to healthcare and the right to social security are a few basic rights the citizens of the Northern Reserves are discarded of. Are they not worthy enough to receive equal treatment from our so called democratic government? The right to education is major right violated by the government towards the people on the reserves. In Canada, a great deal of emphasis is laced on the importance of education.
Schools are located at only a short distance and obtain top-notch equipment and qualified teachers. This seems to be missing on the reserves. There is a limited number of schools built, and those that are present, are shabby buildings that are over-crowded with student bodies. The Canadian Center for the Study of Living Standards calculates that $71. 1 billion will be added to Canada’s economy if Aboriginal people attain the same educational levels as other Canadians (Sharpe, 2010). Provincial schools are paid more than double the amount of money spent on serve schools for student tuition.
Over the past 1 0 years, on-reserve schools education funding increased 19 per cent, while in the same period, provincial systems funding increased 45 per cent. Way to go equality! In 2006-07, the Elementary/Secondary Education Program supported 120,000 students, 518 schools and 45 post-secondary institutions with a budget of $1. 2 billion, which is on average $2,000 less per student than provincial student funding. With a lack of funding, the number of eligible Aboriginal post-secondary students exceeds the budget, so applicants are turned away.
In 2009, more than 5,000 eligible First Nations students were denied post-secondary funding. Ninety per cent of preschool Aboriginal children have no access to appropriate early childhood education. Over the past 15 years, there has been no measurable improvement for on-reserve high school completion rates. Another 58 per cent of First Nations youth living on reserve have not completed their secondary education ( Mendelssohn, 2011). There is no funding for on reserve school libraries or books and schools are unable to provide competitive salaries to the teachers.
Students who have the most difficulty in schools are hose who have experienced a long history of discrimination, subjugation and prejudice. First Nations are asking no more and no less than being allowed to benefit from a quality education that is comparable to that of all other Canadian children. The Natives are the true Canadian citizens, yet they are denied the basic right to education? Another human right snatched from the citizens of the Northern Reserves is the right of healthcare. Does Africa ring a bell when talking about snatched healthcare rights?
Aboriginals have an infant death rate that is 40 percent higher than the rate for Caucasians. They re twice as likely to die from diabetes, 60 percent more likely to have a stroke, 30 percent more likely to have high blood pressure, and 20 percent more likely to have heart disease ( Elaborate, 2010) Aboriginal health clinics often are ill-equipped to deal with such high rates of disease, and poor clinics do not have enough money to focus on preventive care. The main problem is the lack of federal money. This is a major issue of concern, as the right to healthcare is a vital right that must be granted to all.
By not providing the reserves with the same luxurious healthcare other Canadians off the serves receive, the government is reinstating the natives are a minority and inequality is portrayed. In a democracy such as Canada, this should not be the case. All citizens should be given equal rights and should obtain their basic human rights. By violating the rights of the reserve citizen, there is no difference left between the citizens living in the first world nations versus those residing in third-world nations. True North strong and free or deceiving and unequal? Violations of human rights and poverty come hand in hand.
Poverty is a term referring to not being able to afford basic human needs including clothing housing, food, and water. It is what we see most commonly in third-world countries. In the First Nations reserves of Canada, people deal with problems that would challenge more impoverished communities. Even though they reside in a rather wealthy country, they are still forced to face situations citizens of third world nations would face. This includes horrendous living conditions, unsanitary Water supply ,high rates Of infant mortality, substandard housing, few social services, low life expectancy, and little to no income.
In a third world nation such as Africa, more than 15 million individuals reside in poverty stricken neighborhoods. The Canadian government promises each citizen basic human rights, and with these rights comes deliverance. The promises made are not being kept and the preserved reserves are facing devastation and poverty. Aboriginals living on the reserves are among the poorest in Canada (Kelly, 2013) . The root cause for this is due to the fact they receive significantly higher rates of unemployment and lower rates of educational attainments than the rest of the Canadians.
Without education, they attain lower incomes and getting employed is a giggly challenging task. In 2006, the medium [annually income for the aboriginals on the reserves was 1 8,962 $ compared to the medium income of the rest of the Canadians, which was stated to be 27,097$/annually. That’s an income gap of 35 $ between the two groups, who are both Canadian. 37. 4% of non-Aboriginal people aged 15+ are not employed. By contrast, 70. 3% of Status Indians aged 15+ not employed, fewer are of an age to retire, fewer in school, and fewer still in two-parent families are able to exist on one income ( Wilson, 2010).
This is where poverty is inflicted because without income to support a thriving population, the living conditions are worsened. This scenario is extremely similar to what occurs in a third-world nation such as India-The difference be;en the Indians and the Natives is that the Indians reside in a third- world country versus the Natives, who reside in a first-world country. Not only is unemployment a major concern for the Natives on reserves, but housing plays a major role as well. More than 44 per cent of the existing 89,000 housing units on reserves required major renovations (CB News, 2012).
The poor conditions have resulted in the parade of mould contamination, which has led to serious health side effects. First nation children are eight times more likely to be removed from their homes and placed in the care of the state than non-native kids, due to the federal government’s negligence, resulting in family breakdowns. Not only are the people of the Reserves living in houses with many similarities to those in third-world nations, such as broken pipes, overcrowding and contamination, but they are also forced to live a similar lifestyle as well. Unsanitary water is an excellent example.
Water is retrieved from communal standpipes or levered to households by trucks. Healthcare is limited and with numerous ways to get sick, death and suicide rate for Aboriginals is on the rise. Food is one of the most vital requirements as well. However, the low income rates have led to food shortages for many families living on the reserves. One in four Aboriginal children in Canada are growing up in poverty. In 2012, 11% of food bank users were Aboriginal even though they make up only 4% of the population. The fact that food shortage is a concern for a nation wasting 27 billion dollar worth of food annually is something to ponder about.
Because the Northern Native Reserves are a minority, much like the people of the third world countries who face the same prejudice, they face these issues. Many of the issues regarding the Northern Native Reserves is in complete sync with the issues a third world nation faces. Canadians need to raise their voices now before it’s too late. Poverty leads to weakness, and weakness leads to exploitation. Exploitation is a major concern for the citizens of the Northern Native Reserves as well. In many Third-world countries, the poor are often depleted of their resources.
This is due to the fact that they are a minority and do not possess enough power to raise a voice or take action. The people are exploited sexually, exploited of their rightful land, and exploited of their natural resources. This phenomenon of exploitation is observed in many third world- nations, Africa being the biggest example. Similar to Africa, the Native Reserves are prosperous with resources and just like Africa, their resources are a source of exploitation as well. The Prairie Creek reserve consists of a mine which is extremely prosperous with minerals such as Zinc, Copper ,and lead.
This would have acted as an advantage for the citizens of the reserves and helped their economic development. However, with poverty and violation of human rights, they are unable to utilize their resources properly. Companies like The Canadian Zinc cooperation take advantage of the situation the members of the reserves and bud in to make a profit. The workers are paid minimum wage and aren’t covered for health insurance either. Not only are the people going in and depleting the natives of their rightful resources from their land, but they aren’t even paying the workers a decent wage, health benefits, or equal treatment.
Workplace safety is extremely important, but the Natives on the reserves aren’t receiving that either! Another form of exploitation faced by the natives on the reserves is sexual exploitation from other members of the community off the reserves. High levels of sexual exploitation of Aboriginal women and girls is occurring right across Canada. Within the area of sexual exploitation is that of sex trafficking, specifically the domestic trafficking of Aboriginal women and girls that does not receive the attention it deserves by the Aboriginal community and law enforcement services. This type of raffling is labeled prostitution or sex work.
Research shows that Aboriginal children and youth are over-represented in sexual exploitation (Child, Family and Community Safety Sexual Exploitation Toolkit, 2007). In some Canadian cities, up to 90% of the street-involved sexually exploited youth are Aboriginal. Many sexually exploited Aboriginal youth face poverty, drug use,drug abuse, homelessness, violence , and racism. This situation is similar to the exploitation that occurs in many third-world countries, including India and Pakistan ,where women are constantly exploited and young children are victim of violence and abuse simply because they are considered a minority.
As if sexual exploitation wasn’t enough, the land that the natives possess is also being exploited. Companies are going in and using the land available to set up their businesses there, giving less than 10% Of the commission to the aboriginals. The land that belongs to the Natives of Canada is one that is extremely sacred to them. Not being able to have control over that is a major issue of concern. This is not an issue a Canadian living in a first-world country should have to face, yet they are. There is no one to blame but our system.
It is too often an individual mistakes residing in a first-world country for a life of luxury and freedom. This is not the case at all. What appears to the naked eye is not what is present in reality. The issues regarding the Northern Native Reserves of Canada are extremely sensitive and follow a theme of appearance versus reality. The concerns of the people on the reserves is more than similar to the concerns of a citizen residing in a third-world country. To reinstate, the lack of human rights is common in both. This includes violation of right to education, right to healthcare, right to social security, and the right to life.
With the violation of human rights follows poverty, a phenomenon common to those in third-world countries. For a country overflowing with resources and wealth, poverty is something that should be unheard of. However, the Natives of the reserves are living in conditions worse than those in some third-world nations. This is due to the fact there is high rates of unemployment, high rates of high-school dropouts, which results in a bleak future for these Canadian citizens. Poverty leads to horrendous living conditions and is also a negative social implication.
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