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Stylistic Classification Essay

Examples: Thou shall (shall) “Howbeit, herringbones any is bold, I am bold also” = Nevertheless, in whatever respects anyone is bold… Perchance = perhaps Quote = uttered Words disappear from he mainstream vocabulary for two reasons: a) Due to the disappearance of the referent, the object they denote. Such words are called historicism. Examples: musket, battering ram, house-maid, yeomen b) Due to the ousting of the word by a synonym Examples: Main was replaced by ocean, tethered- tired, whither -? where to, albeit – although Neologisms are words made up or invented by a speaker.

Such words are considered neologisms unless they appear in the dictionary of the primary spoken language. Nowadays many neologisms are coined by ruinations: stagnation, shoppers, regretted, meat space (vs. cyberspace), sloganeering, Romance (Roomy + (health)care), Unlawful (neo+ Beowulf) II. According to their stylistic value English words are divided into neutral and stylistically colored. The latter fall into 2 groups: elevated or degraded. Maximal Medial elevation Minimal Neutral Medial degradation et us consider each layer in turn.

Elevated words Minimally elevated are slightly bookish words: sibling, enmity, enlightenment, fundamental etc. He medium class comprises high-flown words: solemnity, satiate, serpent, sagacity, etc The maximum degree of elevation is found with attic words: starlit, barb (horse), morn (morning), even( evening), sylvan Degraded words 1) Colloquial words demonstrate the minimal degree of degradation: jiffy, to nick, guy, dorm, wait a MO etc. 2) Slang, jargon and can’t belong to the medial degree of degradation. Slang words – widely used words of humorous and derogatory character.

They are intentional substitutes for neutral words and expressions: sketchy, let’s blow this popsicle stand = let’s go, to moonlight, a sky pilot = a priest Jargon words appear in social or professional groups (medical jargon, political jargon etc. )These are either non-terminological, unofficial substitutes for professional terms or official terms misused deliberately: beak = a teacher, tap = a school bar, prune =a bad pilot, jar-head = an inexperienced soldier Can’t/argot – the secret language of thieves, tramps.

Can words are for most part ordinary English words with transferred meaning. They serve a sign of recognition. Ex. : box man = a criminal specializing in opening safes Designer = a counterfeiter Shoe = a plainclothes policeman Uncle = a receiver of stolen goods 3) The maximal degree of degradation is found With vulgar words. They are too offensive for polite usage. They are so called four-letter words.

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